In response to the increasing threats in the cyber domain, government established the Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) as a standalone federal agency under the Department of Homeland Security. Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency’s primary focus is to enhance the security, resilience and reliability of the nation’s cyber and physical infrastructure.
– To provide comprehensive cybersecurity tools, incident response services and assessment capabilities to safeguard the ‘gov’ networks that support the essential — operations of partner departments and agencies.
– To develop and coordinate a comprehensive national strategy to protect critical infrastructure from cyber threats.
– To enhance public-private partnerships to improve infrastructure security.
Challenges and Explanation
Increasing Sophistication of Cyber Threats and Attacks: Cyber threats are becoming more advanced and harder to detect. Hackers use new technologies to create more effective attacks, targeting a wider range of digital systems. Balancing Security Needs with Privacy and Civil Liberties: There’s a challenge in making sure cybersecurity measures don’t infringe on people’s privacy and rights. While trying to protect data and networks, it’s important to respect individual freedoms and avoid excessive surveillance. Securing Diverse and Complex Critical Infrastructure: Protecting critical infrastructure (like energy, transportation, and healthcare systems) is complex because it involves different technologies and is often managed by both government and private sectors. Ensuring security across all these areas is a challenging task due to their variety and interconnectivity.
The outcomes of these efforts include better coordination between government and private sectors, leading to improved sharing of information about cyber threats. This has greatly strengthened the resilience of critical infrastructure against cyber attacks. Additionally, there’s a rise in awareness and preparedness for cyber security among all involved parties, from industry sectors to the general public. Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency ‘s proactive and collaborative approach has been key in enhancing national cybersecurity and protecting critical infrastructure against evolving threats. Their work highlights the importance of ongoing vigilance and cooperation in cybersecurity.